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  • American Skippet
    American Skippet
  • General Josiah Harmar
    General Josiah Harmar
  • Appeal to the Great Spirit
    Appeal to the Great Spirit
  • Hong Punch Bowl
    Hong Punch Bowl
  • Barter for a Bride
    Barter for a Bride
  • Artist/MakerRevere II, Paul (1734-1818)
  • Date Madec. 1795
  • Place MadeUSA: Massachusetts, Boston
  • MaterialsMetals; Silver
  • Measurements3" x 6 1/4" (dia. rim); Weight: 11 oz. 13 dwt.
  • Gift of Mrs. deRosset Myers
  • RoomThe John Quincy Adams State Drawing Room
  • Accession #1973.0064


This bowl was made for the prominent Boston merchant Moses Michael Hays (1738–1808).  Hays was born in New York, the son of Judah and Rebecca (Michaels) Hays. He began his mercantile career in New York, but by 1769 he had removed to Newport, where he had already established a considerable business.  A leader among New York's Freemasons, he served as Grand Master of King David's Lodge and took its charter with him when he moved to Newport, reestablishing the lodge there in 1769.  As Deputy Inspector General of the Rite of Perfection for the West Indies and North America for the Ancient and Modern Order of Masons, he traveled to Philadelphia and Jamaica during the early 1770s.  By 1776, he had established business connections in Boston and apparently had moved his family to the city, although he maintained extensive ties to Newport until 1782.  In that year, he became a member of the Boston Lodge and, in 1788, was elected Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, an office he held until 1792.[2]   Paul Revere, the maker of the bowl, put his support behind the Grand Lodge in 1782 and served as Deputy Grand Master, first under Joseph Warren (1784–85) and then under Moses Michael Hays (1790–92).  During this time, Hays and Revere also became business associates (along with others) in the formation of the Massachusetts Mutual Fire Insurance Company.[3]

This bowl may have been made as a presentation to Hays, perhaps in appreciation for his service to the Masonic order.  Revere's daybooks, which survive for the period 1761–97, include few orders for bowls of this type.  Its form resembles the famous Sons of Liberty punch bowl made by Revere in 1768, but it is closer in size to a standard slop bowl.[4]   Solder lines on the underside of the bowl suggest that the base rim has been reattached.

Barbara McLean Ward


1. For an account of the relationships between the Hays, Myers, and Mordecai families, see Rosenbaum, 40, 60–64. 

2. Ehrenfried, 213–40.

3. Steblecki in Paul Revere: Artisan, 130–32; Ehrenfried, 223.

4. See Buhler 1972, 2: 408–9, 425.